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Diagrams: Inside 1

Origami 2017/08/29

For me, the hardest part in creating and making a model is the choice of paper and the most suitable colors! This is a model for which I immediately found the right color combinations: red for the central and black cube for the outer structure. It is a natural consequence of another model (CUBEI), and I loved it for its simplicity of construction of the modules and for ease of assembly. It turns out to be one of my favorite models for the facility of construction and its elegance. I recommend using heavier paper, such as TANT, which provides a tighter lock. As always, for geometric origami, precision is fundamental.


Click on photo for diagrams.

Paolo Bascetta

Pre-scoring Machines Demystified

Origami 2017/08/27

An increasing number of origami designers use pre-scoring machines. But just as there are many origami artists who use pre-scoring machines, there are many more individuals who may not be familiar with such tools. The aim of this article is to attempt to demystify the use of these tools through a question and answer format.

Q: How do these machines work?

A: This class of machines is called CNC-machines, where CNC stands for Computer Numerical Control. The machine has either a laser or knife that is operated entirely by computer, cutting or burning the desired shape.


Left: Pre-scored paper; Right: Cameo Silhouette 2.

Q: Do you all use the same machine?

A: No. Artists are using different machines to pre-crease, and the prices vary a lot. There are laser machines of varying sizes (e.g., Epilog), industrial vinyl cutters (like Graphtec), or plotters. I use a desktop cnc-cutter (Silhouette Cameo 2), originally sold for scrapbooking. You can buy it at Amazon for about $200. Yes, it’s about the same as an origami convention registration fee. If you have a Maker space near you, you can ask if they have a laser cutter or vinyl cutter.

Q: How does one of these machines score the paper?

Different machines work in different ways. Industrial machines can score the paper the same way one scores by hand: by pressing a rounded tip sharply into the paper, forming a dent on the paper that makes the paper tend to fold at that location. Vinyl cutter-type machines have a knife blade that makes a shallow cut that does not go all the the way through the paper, making it fold relatively easily along the cut. Laser cutters ablate the paper—that is, they burn away some or all of the paper and can work in one of two modes. One can adjust the power level so that they burn away just the surface layer, like a knife-based cutter, cutting only partway through the paper. Alternatively, they can be programmed to perforate the paper: burning many tiny holes in the paper, forming lines that are easier to fold by hand.

Q: Does it pre-crease mountains and valleys?

A: Generally not. Mine actually cuts only on one side. As far as I know, only Chris Palmer has access to a machine that can work on both sides of the paper. While one can usually fold a scored line easily in either direction, generally there is a preferred direction of folding. With knife-based cutters and lasers used in partial-ablation mode, the paper usually folds more easily away from the side that is marked. With perforation, the folds are genderless; they fold equally easily in either direction.

Q: If I buy a machine, would I have the same perfect curves as you?

A: Yes and no. If you can make good folds now, you will be able to make better folds with the machine. If you are struggling now with easy things, the machine won’t help you. After all, you need to collapse the pattern, and here your own hands and skills come into action. I have seen people struggling with my pre-creased sheets. A machine is not a panacea. And everybody surely needs practice.

Q: What is the process of creating origami with the machine?

A: 1. First you need to have a design to fold. Then you need a vector crease pattern of the model. Vector here means that the curves in your file are represented not as a bitmap, as an array of dots (like in a photograph: bitmap formats include bmp, jpg, png, gif) but as mathematical curves defined according to some formula (these include file formats like dxf, ai, eps, and obj). There are also container formats, like pdf, which can contain either bitmap, vector, or a mixture of both.

To get this vector CP you can either use a special origami tool (like Jun Mitani’s ORI-REVO) or Oripa or general-purpose commercial vector image editing software (like Adobe Illustrator, or AutoCad, Inkscape, or Affinity Designer). Some cutting machines work directly with vector PDF files.

Next you need to find paper that works with this cutting machine. If it’s a laser machine, you probably can use any kind of paper (and even non-paper materials like Mylar, wood laminate, and pressed composites).

With a cutting machine, though, the paper cannot be too thin. I usually use Tant paper for its strength, thickness, texture and price. Elephant Hide should also work well, but the price is higher. Some people use watercolor paper or even polypropylene. If you are searching for the latter, try Yupo, a foldable polypropylene. Just note that these materials might be thicker than you expect.

Q: Is it possible to make curved folds without machines?

A: YES! I started designing without any mechanical aid. This is the album of my old works, where I only used a compass and templates. Can you tell the difference from this album. Moreover the hand-scored paper has a huge advantage; you can have mountains and valleys, and you don’t need to reverse anything. And the paper won’t break anywhere, as may happen with machine-scored paper.


Left: Hand-scored tessellation. Right: Machine pre-scored tessellation.

Q: How can I fold/design without machines?

A: You need to make cardboard templates and use some kind of dull needle. Some modeling tools or prickers are fine. (Robert J. Lang recommends a burnishing tool, used in the past for transfer lettering, for manual scoring.) If you have a PDF file, you just print it, glue the curves to more resistant cardboard and get your customized French curve. Oh yes, you can always help yourself with French curves, too!

Q: Why would you use the machine, if you can do without?

A: There are two reasons. First, well, I am not accurate. I do make many mistakes. If you are making a modular, you can discard the bad unit and fold one more. You cannot discard a piece of tessellation. That’s why I avoided tessellations for many years, because I became frustrated by my mistakes. And the second reason is that hand scoring is time-consuming. I have too many ideas, and if I hand-score paper, I won’t make much progress.

Q: Why does everyone keep silent about machines?

A: Well, now many people know about them. At the same time I have heard what people who don’t use machines would say about people who have, that machines do everything for them. I’ve seen people discussing the other person, and I could only add “I use it too. Buy one for yourself and stop judging…” I have also seen people lose interest when they hear I (or somebody else) have used automated pre-creasing. But even if you use a computer to help you, you still need a lot of inspiration and mastery to create a good design. And you still need your folding skills to collapse it. Personally I would be happy if more people have those little helpers, because then I could make a book with tessellations that everyone could fold with less hassle.

Appendix

Here is a partial list of artists and the scoring machines they use.

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COG Spotlight: Indonesian Origami Community

Origami 2017/08/27

Maya Hirai (founder of Sanggar Origami Indonesia) started the Indonesian Origami Community when she created an open Facebook page in 2014. The membership has now reached over 7,000 individuals from all cities in Indonesia and worldwide.

The Indonesian Origami Community activities listed on Facebook include origami works, community activities coordination, and a monthly origami work challenge. This challenge is intended to explore origami capabilities as well as help upgrade skills of members already registered in the group.


Origami Festival

As Indonesia is a big country made up of over 17,000 islands , small origami community groups have developed in several cities, as exemplified by this list of groups.


Sample list of local origami groups.

Given the distance between cities, regular meetings only are held in each origami small community in each city.



Local origami group meetings.

Currently, the Indonesian Origami Community is not yet a formal organization and doesn’t have formal membership for community members. But even under this condition, because of the strong desire to gather and to advance origami in our country, we already have held two Indonesian Origami Conventions. The first Convention was held in March 2015 at Surabaya Institute of Technology (ITS), Surabaya – East Java, with Kiki Emeralda as Chair of the convention. The second convention was held in February 2017 at Indonesia Educational University (UPI), Bandung – West Java, which I chaired.


Origami convention.

At this second convention the Indonesian Origami Community agreed to hold the third convention in 2018 in Solo – Central Java. At this upcoming event we will formally inaugurate the Indonesian Origami Community, which we will call “Asosiasi Pelipat Kertas Indonesia” or, in English, “Indonesian Paper Folding Association.” We now are preparing for the creation of this legal organization. By this action, we hope to secure the future of origami in Indonesia.

Benefits of After-School Origami

Origami 2017/08/27

In Fécamp, France, 700 pupils (50% of the school children) participate in extracurricular activities at the end of the school day. Thanks to a partnership among local associations, teachers and other external projects, children can participate in basketball, tennis, cooking, pottery, puppet workshops, and, of course, origami.

I settled in the city of Fécamp in September 2014, at the time that I became a professional Origami artist. I was able to integrate the extracurricular program into my schedule, working with 15 students each evening of the week, ranging in age from six to 11 years old. The workshop takes place on the school premises. At this time of day, they are not necessarily attentive when they would rather play. Moreover, from the moment they enter my room, and I take attendance, we have a total of 30 to 40 minutes together, during which some turbulence happily animates the group.

Teaching origami in a methodical way by advancing to the rhythm of a model a day, including the “folding symbols and techniques” and the traditional bases over the weeks and bringing the construction of a model under these conditions therefore falls within the challenge over time.

At the end of the cycle (duration between two vacation periods) students are able to reproduce four traditional bases (fish, water bomb, preliminary, and bird) and five to 10 different models from these bases.


Show me what you have.

In this third year I can affirm that the origami during the extracurricular activities has had beneficial effects:

I often tell them that if I can do it, they can do it and the students realize that the success of their achievement stems from their own activity rather than from the “teacher”. To succeed, students should observe and listen carefully to specific instructions and then practice them with clarity and precision. The pleasure comes from the re-creation of the model.

Throughout the sessions I can observe that they develop their patience and ability to concentrate, I enjoy seeing their pride in accomplishing the work and for some a strengthening of self-confidence.

Rediscovering math

Transforming a square of flat paper into a three-dimensional figure is a unique exercise in geometry in space. Origami is also important for understanding symmetry; in many folds, what is done on one side is also made on the other side. Folding allows them to create and manipulate geometric shapes such as squares, rectangles and triangles as well as division of angles and lines.

Developing community life and cooperation

In a mixed age group, folding tends to narrow the gap. Sometimes the youngest are able to teach the older ones. Students who are not particularly motivated at the beginning quickly assimilate the Origami and help their comrades to progress. Thus folding brings students together around an activity, where collaboration for the gratifying realization of a group project takes place. Such truly constructive activities reinforce the feelings of know-how and unity within the group.

Cognitive Development

Learning Origami is an apprenticeship with repeated actions. By folding, children use their hands to follow steps in sequence, producing a visible and pleasant result. The steps must be carried out in order for the success of the model – they acquire a methodology, an important lesson not only for mathematics but also for life.

In this third year of service, I thought to bring them a lot but in truth it is they who bring me much more. When one works every day of the school year, it is essential to arrive with a new subject each day, and all the more the following year, and so on. So I had to renew myself strongly while keeping in mind that my new models had to be done in 30 minutes, so I learned to go to the basics – in short I suffered a lot (while enjoying it).

I have always enjoyed seeing some students from one year to the next and seeing that they have learned the lessons, that some have bought books to continue at home, and that some have even acquired the vision necessary to create their own models. I am convinced that practicing origami has increased their creativity, their logic and an ability to interact with others.

Eric (MadFolder) Vigier

Book review: “Origami All Kinds: Single Sheet and Modular Designs” by Meenakshi Mukerji

Origami 2017/08/25


The book’s cover

This is the seventh origami book by Meenakshi Mukerji, but it is the first that includes models from three vastly different areas of origami: single-sheet designs, tessellations, and modulars. This distinction is also reflected in the structure of the book: after providing useful tips in the chapter Origami Basics, Parts I, II and III present models from the three different areas respectively.

Origami Basics

The first eight pages are devoted to a quite wonderful introduction. Mukerji does not just include the usual explanation of folding symbols, but takes it a step further. She talks about recommended tools and gives insightful tips on how to get the best results for modular designs. It doesn’t stop there. Then follows a list of commonly used paper types for origami and an extended section with details on folding symbols and how to fold bases used throughout the book. The diagrams are, as we’ve come to expect from Mukerji, of a very high quality. Indeed, the whole book is printed in color, which doesn’t just make it visually more appealing, but also helps distinguish the front and reverse of the paper, making the diagrams even easier to follow.

This chapter is nicely finished off with a polyhedra coloring chart, which is super helpful if you want to achieve an even color distribution in modulars. Meenakshi includes colorings not just for the icosahedron (30 modules, triangular faces with 5 modules meeting in every point), but also for cubes (12 modules, square faces with 3 modules meeting in every point), octahedrons (12 modules, triangular faces with 4 modules meeting in every point) and dodecahedrons (30 modules, pentagonal faces with three modules meeting in every point). And for each polyhedron she provides schematics for a different number of colors. For example, for the icosahedron you get a guide for how to place the modules when using three, five, or six colors. Altogether, this chapter gives valuable information and already shows how thoughtfully Mukerji put together this book.

Part I: Single Sheet Designs

Our high expectations set by both Mukerji’s previous publications and the first chapter Origami Basics is easily met as we dive into the first part, which concentrates on models folded from a single sheet of paper. The diagrams are clear and even include paper recommendations (size and color/pattern) where relevant. The chapter starts with a Fancy Frog and a peacock Mayur, then a plethora of 14 beautiful flowers follows. As can already be seen on the cover of the book, Mukerji also includes some stunning ikebana photos, which provide striking ideas for displaying the models. For a sneak peek of Mukerji’s design aesthetic, you can also watch video tutorials on two of the flowers presented in the book: the Hydrangea with Leaves and the Sunflower.

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Part I concludes with a guest contribution by Jorge Jaramillo, the Progressive Flower, which is a recursive design reminiscent of Chris Palmer’s Flower Tower. It shares the same first steps as another model diagrammed in the book, Mukerji’s Star of Wonder. It’s worth mentioning here that Mukerji presents multiple models in the book that share folding sequences up to a point. By referencing the already diagrammed steps, Mukerji manages to pack even more content into the 110 pages of the book than you might have initially expected.

Part II: Tessellations


Star Diamond Tessellation folded and photographed by M. Mukerji

Ten years ago many people did not know origami tessellations. Now they have become quite popular, so this chapter is a really nice addition. The chapter starts with a one-page, condensed introduction to tessellations on a square grid. This might seem short, but it is concise and answers some important questions. In particular, Mukerji gives a formula with which you can easily determine which grid to start with once you have decided how many molecules (repetitions of the common pattern) you want to fold, how much space you want to leave between them, and how wide the border should be. This is extremely helpful not just for the tessellations presented in the book, but for the multitude of other tessellations you might want to fold.

Then follow seven different tessellations on a square grid. Rather than providing full diagrams, Mukerji gives general instructions. Diagrams for the bases of the molecules are provided – six of the seven start with a 4-Sink base, the final one with a Crossed Box Pleat. Then shaping details are borrowed from models diagrammed elsewhere in the book.

To me, this is a great way to introduce tessellations, as it exemplifies how you can start creating your own tessellations: first, find a pattern that meets the basic requirements for a molecule; then tessellate it; finally, play around with the shaping to receive many different finishes.

Part III: Modular Designs


Dream Flower folded and photographed by M. Mukerji

We all know Meenakshi Mukerji for her stunning, modular designs. This chapter introduces 27 of them, plus variations. This should keep modular enthusiasts happy for a while!

Interestingly, only a third of the models start with a square, the others require rectangles of different proportions. Thankfully, cutting the paper to the right proportions is easy in most cases. The rectangles used are usually either variable, so no precise cutting is required, are half squares, or easily cut from strips as also diagrammed in detail in the book. Some models can even be folded from squares, provided they are sufficiently small, as the deviation from the required rectangle is small enough then. The size recommendations given throughout the book are especially appreciated here. And of course Mukerji also added diagrams on how to cut the paper to the exact proportion when using larger paper.

Plus, let’s be honest, when we see the beautiful results, a bit of extra work doesn’t deter us, does it? And as photos are included for all models presented in the book, we can admire the models and whet our appetites for that next fold!

Conclusion

With Origami All Kinds: Single Sheet and Modular Designs, Meenakshi Mukerji has published another great book for us to enjoy. It is particularly nice to see a book that touches three quite different areas of origami. At the same time, Mukerji manages to bring them together beautifully, sharing design concepts and folding steps. In particular, tessellations serve as a pleasantly surprising connecting piece.

The 110-page, full-color book presents 50 models plus variations, providing not just clear diagrams, but also valuable information all around folding – be it on how to get a nice finish on modulars, which paper to use, or how to determine which grid to use for a tessellation, just to name a few. Altogether, a truly wonderful book!

For more information on the book, including a table of contents, photos of folded models and where to buy the book, visit Meenakshi Mukerji’s website and in particular her page on the book. And, of course, Origami All Kinds is also available at OrigamiUSA’s The Source!

Convention Report: Convention for Creators (CfC)

Origami 2017/08/13

Idea

It all started eighteen months ago, when I visited Bernie Peyton at his home. While driving to the aquarium in Monterey, we discussed the PRO convention that had happened ten years ago.


Inspiration at the Monterey Bay Aquarium.

The Pacific Rim Origami gathering had been primarily for Pacific Rim creators. The idea was to discuss the theory and not to practice folding. This concept of a verbal meeting seemed very strange to me five years ago, but made total sense at that time. As an active origami artist who decided to do origami for a living, I find I do have the need to talk, discuss, be updated and be inspired by the work of others.

Come to think of it, like every dentist, or teacher, an origami artist can benefit from being part of a supporting community, in which anyone can share his knowledge and ideas. Actually, for us, origamists, it’s even more natural to do just so, since origami is all about sharing, isn’t it?

Teamwork

I realized that this would be a project that could happen only by cooperation. We approached Robert Lang (USA), Jorge Pardo (Spain), Viviane Berty (France), Nicolas Terry (France), and Dave Brill (England), to form a committee of seven, to act as a directorate, for what eventually became the Convention for Creators.

Talking with Nicolas, I discovered that OORAA had thought about the idea of such a conference long time ago, and things started to fall into place. We set the location in Lyon, the same city in which the Ultimate Origami Convention takes place. This also set the timing, since the only open weekend they had in 2017 was the 7th of July.

Plan

The first step was to decide who is invited. How do we define a creator? What about heads of organisations? Youtube figures? We decided to narrow it down to creators only. We had to have a line, and we set it those who had designed at least 15 original models; better if they were published somewhere. The list was formed quickly, and I was amazed to see the number is within the hundreds only; less than 300!

We opened registration saying that only 100 creators can join, as this was the limit of the hotel. Building up slowly but steadilyy, by the first day of the convention we had 82 people registered to attend.

Program

We opened a Google Form to collect ideas and suggestions for talks, panels and workshops. Quickly, we had 32 approved suggestions that we divided into six categories:

  • Being Professional
  • Design
  • Diagrams
  • Education
  • Exhibitions
  • Paper and Other Materials

We planned to have a very “airy” program, with 20-minute talks in a one hour slots. We felt that the main feature of the conference would be the discussions that would arise after each talk, and so we gave those a lot of time.

For some parts of the day we planned two talks in parallel, to make sure all suggestions would be included.

Arrivals


Participants at the Conference for Creators.

After exploring Lyon on Thursday morning, I was in the hotel lobby just at the right time when the first creators started to appear. It was amazing to see the common feature they all shared — a big, wide smile on their faces. Every newcomer was a creator, worthy to be a Guest of Honor at any convention. We had people coming from Australia, South Korea, Vietnam, USA, Canada, Israel, and all over Europe. Immediately, groups were formed to talk, discuss, and share images of latest creations and adventures.

Execution

The next day, we started with a talk by Viviane Berty: “The challenge of simplicity”.


Viviane Berty and her “Archer.”

Presenting her “Archer,” Viviane explained what makes a simple model looks great, and how you need to cheat sometimes and forget about reality. Flat paper can be considered as void, for example, as you can see on the bow.

We had a panel to discuss how can you make a living out of origami, with Robert Lang, as one of the veterans, as well as Dewi Brunet, who only started that a year ago. I asked the panel what obstacles they expected to meet, and what did they really encounter. We discovered that most requests (nine out of ten) evaporate, and one needs a lot of commitment and determination until the tenth truly brings in money.

Another panel, led by Dave Brill discussed the fine art of pricing a commission work. We agreed we all tend to under-price our work and time. A good rule of thumb is, once you have decided on a price, “double that price and add ten percent.” Double it, because we underestimate ourselves, and add ten percent so you can lower your price (but not too much) after some bargaining.

What is the best way to publish your diagrams (if there is a best way)?. We heard about self publication, crowdfunding (Kickstarter, for example), or making a book by approaching a well known publisher.

Bernie Peyton shared his experience with curating Origami Universe, an exhibition presented in The Chi Mei museum in Taiwan, in which many of us participated, never realizing the full scope of the difficulties Bernie and Uyen Nguyen went through to successfully bring it off.

The best panel for me was “My Favorite Paper”. One by one, we had 18 creators stepping up to show their best paper, a model folded from it and an example sheet to allow the crowd to hold and feel it. Unlike my worries that everyone would present Elephant Hide ( I am a tessellator, after all), the list of favorite papers was amazingly versatile. To name a few, we had Japanese calligraphy paper; toilet paper; ARCHES watercolor paper, Vietnamese handmade paper; Kozo paper; a sheet of Jon Gerard’s paper; and last but not least, Dave’s favorite one was Printer paper, highly available with a great shade of white!


Dave Brill talking about paper.

Conclusion

“Never done before” is where the best opportunities awaits for you. And now, after it was done, it is clear how important and needed it is. We all want to to talk, learn and be inspired from our own community. The next CfC will be in 2020, in Zaragoza, Spain! Be prepared!

Origami Symposia in Math, Art and Education in Los Angeles on Nov. 3, 2017

Origami 2017/07/31

OrigamiUSA is offering four origami symposia (lectures) in math, art and education on Friday, November 3, 2017.

The Lectures will be held in Los Angeles at the Crowne Plaza Redondo Beach and Marina, 300 N. Harbor Drive, Redondo Beach, CA 90277.

Featured speakers are celebrated authors:

  • Paul Jackson – “Folding as a Topic of Design Education”
  • Miri Golan – “Origametria: Method and Models”
  • Robert J. Lang – “Monumental Origami in Bronze and Steel”
  • Meher McArthur – “Origami as a Global Art Form”

Lectures are $25 each. Descriptions are below. Sign up here.

Please log into a valid web account in order to register online for PCOC Symposia. You do not need to be a member of OrigamiUSA (though we hope you will join at some point), but you must be signed into a web account. If you already have one, you can log in here, and if you don’t yet have one, you can create one here.

These symposia are an event that is being held in conjunction with the OrigamiUSA Convention (PCOC 2017 – Pacific Coast OrigamiUSA Conference). Since these symposia have a wide appeal, we are making them available to non-PCOC attendees. If you are also interested in attending classes that focus on learning to make origami models, please register for PCOC 2017.

Note to PCOC attendees: These symposia (lectures) will be available as part of the regular class ticketing on Friday morning. Please register for Friday classes to attend. Friday classes are not part of the Early Bird Package.

10:00-11:00 am

  • Folding as a Topic of Design Education by Paul Jackson
    Paul Jackson will talk about — and show images from — his 35 years teaching origami and folding to students of Design, including students of Fashion Design, Architecture, Product Design, Jewelry Design, Packaging Design …and more.

11:15-12:15 am

  • Origametria: Method and Models by Miri Golan
    Miri Golan will describe her ‘Origametria’ program, recently accepted into the national curriculum by the Israeli Ministry of Education, which uses origami to teach geometry in Kindergarten and Elementary Schools. She will describe the teaching method, illustrated with typical Origametria models.

2:00-3:00 pm

  • Monumental Origami in Bronze and Steel by Robert J. Lang
    Robert Lang will speak about his collaboration with Kevin Box on metal cast and fabricated origami.

3:15-4:15 pm

  • Origami as a Global Art Form by Meher McArthur
    Asian art historian Meher McArthur will discuss the importance of contemporary origami as an art form worthy of museum exhibitions, collection and art historical attention.

Diagrams: Dinosaur

Origami 2017/04/19


Click on picture for diagrams.

I am an Iranian folder from Shiraz, and this is a new model of mine starting from a triangular sheet. Perhaps you have seen my Right-triangle-bird published here. Around the same time, I designed three similar models with right triangle paper: a bird, dragon and dinosaur. This is the dinosaur model, a deinonychus. Deinonychus was a small and carnivorous dinosaur and was very fast and smart. It was lived during the early cretaceous period.

Reza Sarvi

Diagrams: Sturoyya Star

Origami 2017/04/16

My name is Usman Rosyidhi. I am from Indonesia, and I live in the province of Bali. I am 31 years old and for a living I teach at an elementary school. I started to fold ten years ago. I create my own model by doodling with the paper until a model emerges. I am a member of the Origami Indonesia Club in Bali. We have many folders and designers in the group, and we just had our second convention this February.


Click on picture for diagrams.

Usman Rosyidhi

Diagrams: Evolution of the Tulip

Origami 2017/04/10

Last March 2016 at The Garden of Archimedes, the museum for mathematics in Florence where I work, we scheduled a workshop for families on the theme ‘Origami and Spring’. Since I knew that I had to teach elementary students, often with no prior experience with paperfolding, I selected simple but very effective models. The easiest one was a three-step tulip (Figure 1). According to Gay Merrill-Gross1 and Michael LaFosse2, many modern authors discovered it independently. I think it almost can be counted as traditional.


Figure 1. The simple tulip

Only three steps are needed. You can increase the number of steps if you want to round the tulip petal by mountain folding the lateral points (Figure 2). Or you can decrease the steps if you start from a square cut along a diagonal. In addition, there are no reference points, so every kid can make his/her own tulip different from the others. It is an ideal model for a first-timers workshop.

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Figure 2. Simple (left) and “Round” tulip (right).

Once I had the flower I needed a stem. I could choose to let the kids draw it or teach them how to fold one. Of course I decided on the latter route (Figure 3). Also in this case it is difficult to find an original author3. But you need to use glue. This is not a mortal sin, but the risk is to disappoint the audience if in the introduction of the workshop you provide the ‘no cutting-no gluing-only folding’ rule.

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Figure 3. Flower and stem glued together.

So I started thinking about how to solve this problem. First of all, I needed a triangle open at the bottom. In this way I could create a hole for the stem. The solution was easy and simple: start with a waterbomb base! The sequence is a little bit longer, because you need to fold the other diagonal and the two middle lines of the square, but it’s not too complicated. Even better, you have other geometrical objects to talk about. So, once you have the waterbomb base, you can follow the original sequence. In order to have a hole for the stem, at step #2 you don’t need to be very precise. This first stage of the evolution allows the model to stand and be visible on both sides (Figure 4).


Figure 4: The evolved tulip a.k.a. ST3.
Click on image for Gay Merrill Gross’ diagrams.

I made a search on Google, and it appeared that no one else previously had thought about this approach. But after I published a photo on my Flickr page, one of my contacts told me that it was very similar to Gay Merrill Gross’ Simple to Teach Tulip published in Creased Magazine Issue 7. I didn’t have that issue, however on the website gallery there was a photo, and the resemblance was noticeable. I immediately wrote to Gay, attaching my diagrams, and she confirmed that the two models were the same. There was only a little difference in the stem. Gay sent me her diagrams, and it was fun to read in the notes that we had the same inspiration. While I was waiting for her answer, I taught the model and it was successful. Maybe not every kid will call it a tulip, but surely everyone sees a flower.

However the evolution was still in progress, and there was more room for creativity. If you try to fold the tulip starting from a square cut along a diagonal, you remove a step and also get a bicolor flower. How to achieve the same result on the model with the hole? You cannot reverse fold the petals because they “break” the waterbomb base. You need another base: the blintz base with a slight modification. If you make a classic blintz (with four corners of the square to the center) you only have a flower that is half the size of the one made with the plain square. You need to make an alternate blintz (I don’t know if it has a specific name). You valley fold two opposite corners and mountain fold the other two corners. After that, it’s the same sequence. I wrote right away to Gay and she told me that she hadn’t thought about that approach. I published the photo on Flickr, and this time nobody recognized it (Figure 5).


Figure 5. The bicolor evolved tulip.
Click on image for Mancini’s diagrams.

You can change the combination of the colors by changing the way you fold the waterbomb base in step #5.I didn’t have the chance to prove it with the kids yet, but I taught it at the 2016 MFPP (Mouvement Français des Plieurs de Papier) Convention, and they liked it. I hope you like it too.

References

1. Gross, Gay Merrill (2005). Minigami: Mini origami projects for cards, gifts and decorations. Ontario, CN: Firefly Books, p.48.

2. LaFosse, Michael (2004). Origami Spectacular. North Clarendon, VT: Tuttle Publishing, p. 59.

3. Gross. Ibid. p. 49.

Francesco Mancini

Crease Patterns: Distorta2009

Origami 2017/04/09

3.4.6.4 is one of my favorite patterns as it’s quite unusual. It cannot fit on a classic triangle grid due to the squares; therefore this is a “distorted” approximation as the hexagons and the triangles have different side lengths, so there are rectangular twist-folds instead of square ones.

Paper: Use a regular hexagon, at least 20cm side to side, with a grid in 32nds. You can obtain nice results with semi-transparent papers such as tracing paper or glassine.


Click on pictures for Crease Patterns.

Editor’s Note: Alessandro Beber is self-publishing Paperceptions: Explore visual perceptions with paperfolding! through a Kickstarter campaign that ends 17 May 2017.

Alessandro Beber

Book review: “New Expressions in Origami Art” by Meher McArthur

Origami 2017/04/09

Masterworks from 25 Leading Paper Artists


A stunning cover for a book presenting stunning origami work

Usually, in an origami book review, I’d focus on how many models are presented, what complexity they are, and crucially the quality of the diagrams included. Not for this book. It is not about teaching you how to fold models. Oh no, “New Expressions in Origami Art” by Meher McArthur is about bathing in the joy of viewing works of origami art and getting more insight into what motivates and inspires their creators and their origami journey.

And you get plenty of that on the 192 pages that constitute this book. Even when just leafing through the book, it becomes clear a very diverse selection of artists was chosen. Correspondingly, the articles have very different focus points, which makes this book all the more inspiring. Getting a glimpse of the inner workings of individuals with fundamentally different backgrounds and views on the world allows you to view the world, even if just a little, in their shoes and thus opens up a whole new horizon. And all that is paired with extraordinary origami work, presented in very high quality. The full-page photos let you appreciate the art without distraction. And the background given on the artists and the techniques they use multiplies the impact of their work tenfold.

Artists presented

After my enthusiastic introduction, I’m sure you’re all curious who is highlighted in the book. As the cover already reveals, 25 origami artists were selected. They are:

  • Joel Cooper (USA)
  • Erik Demaine and Martin Demaine (Canada/USA)
  • Giang Dinh (Vietnam/USA)
  • Vincent Floderer (France)
  • Tomoko Fuse (Japan)
  • Miri Golan (Israel)
  • Paul Jackson (UK/Israel)
  • Beth Johnson (USA)
  • Eric Joisel (France)
  • Goran Konjevod (Croatia/USA)
  • Michael G. LaFosse and Richard L. Alexander (USA)
  • Robert J. Lang (USA)
  • Sipho Mabona (South Africa/Switzerland)
  • Mademoiselle Maurice (France)
  • Linda Tomoko Mihara (USA)
  • Jun Mitani (Japan)
  • Jeannine Mosely (USA)
  • Yuko Nishimura (Japan)
  • Bernie Peyton (USA)
  • Hoang Tien Quyet (Vietnam)
  • Matt Shlian (USA)
  • Richard Sweeney (UK)
  • Jiangmei Wu (China/USA)

This list already gives you an insight into how much diversity you can expect. Even if you just look at the first three chapters, it’s so evident. Joel Cooper, the master tessellator and creator of the most striking masks using tessellation techniques; Erik and Martin Demaine, whose scientific findings have pushed the boundaries of origami, while at the same time producing breathtaking curved crease sculptures; and Giang Dinh, who I’d say doesn’t crease paper, but helps it reveal its soul with his often soft and minimalistic shaping using wet-folding.

Some of these artists I’ve had the privilege to meet in person and talk to, so I had some prior insight into their journey. I still learned more about them here, or appreciated revisiting their development and take on things. Other artists I had already read about, and this gave me a fuller picture of them and their work. But – and I may be admitting to some ignorance here – I did not know all of these artists. Some of the names I’d actually never heard of before. Especially these artists were a pleasant surprise to me. For example, I had not been aware of Mademoiselle Maurice and her breathtaking origami murals, which she has created all around the world. By the way, I encourage you to visit her website, mademoisellemaurice.com if you have not seen her work before. So this book is not just a treasured collection of work by origamists I love and appreciate, it is also an invitation to letting more artists join that group.

Who is this book for?

It doesn’t matter at which level you fold. This book is for anyone who loves origami, looking at beautiful folds and learning a bit more about the creation process. More generally, actually, I think it’s a wonderful book for anyone who appreciates art. You do not have to fold paper to enjoy viewing and learning more about a selection of extraordinary origami works and their creators. So to me it also makes a perfect present for people close to you to show them the potential of origami and its not always recognized place in art.

You can buy this book directly from Tuttle or at OrigamiUSA’s TheSource, retailing at $29.95.

Sara Adams

Origami Designer’s Secrets: Rebecca Lynn Gieseking

Origami 2017/04/06

Just like artists who can draw a whole world on a grain of rice, Rebecca manages to create a flourishing portfolio from a single object – a pot. With a unique approach, a skillful brush, and strong fingers, her works are standing out in the origami world. We have never met, and this interview was a great opportunity to understand how she works.

Who is Rebecca Gieseking? Please tell me in five sentences what I must know about you.

Rebecca: I’m very interested in the intersection of art and science, whether that’s applying scientific processes to art or using visual approaches to learn or teach science. I spent two summers doing art conservation, where I developed an interest in the science of paints and other art materials. I tend to be a bit overly organized and analytical, sometimes to a fault. I can easily get drawn into new, interesting puzzles, especially ones that require visual logic. I’m quiet and introverted, but I love talking about my designs and sharing ideas with other people.

What is origami to you? Why are you interested in origami? What was your first model to fold? What was your first model to create? Can you say origami changed your life in anyway, or is it just a hobby?


Rebecca Gieseking, USA.
Photo by Christina Gieseking.

Rebecca: I started origami at a very young age, and by the time I was six, my favorite model was the traditional samurai hat. I didn’t start designing until 2011 and very quickly found the style I still work in. At the time I needed an artistic outlet that fit into my grad school schedule. What keeps me interested in origami is the ability to keep innovating and developing new folding approaches that create new and interesting forms. It’s always exciting to figure out an elegant way to fold something I’ve wanted to do for several years, and when I figure out something new, I come up with all sorts of ideas of how to use it.

Origami (and art more broadly) has actually been a big help in my full-time job doing chemistry research. The research process is mainly a cycle of coming up with ideas, testing them out, and figuring out what worked and what didn’t, often on a time scale of months. In origami, I’m able to practice that whole cycle in a few hours or days, which helped me learn how to do research well. It’s also helped me develop my skills in thinking in three dimensions, which I use extensively in chemistry.


Spiral bowl
All pictures are by Rebecca Gieseking

What is your muse? What drives your creation process? Do you fold other people models? If so, do you have a favorite designer? a favorite artist? if you could go back in time, which art era will you choose? why?

Rebecca: Most of my inspiration comes from innovation, figuring out new folding techniques and ways of using them. I rarely fold other people’s models, but a lot of my design work is built on the pleating techniques developed by many origamists, including Chris Palmer, Robert Lang, Philip Chapman-Bell, and Jun Mitani. I’m also inspired by many of the people working with corrugations and tessellations, including Eric Gjerde, Paul Jackson, Christine Edison, and many others.

A lot of my inspiration also comes from art history. Alexander Calder’s mobiles have been a long-term inspiration, how he creates both physical and visual balance in a three-dimensional form. I’ve also drawn inspiration from Surrealist artwork, particularly René Magritte and his interplay between the realistic and the impossible.


Floating diagonal shift vase

I am always amazed to see how creative a person can be, even when s/he chooses a very narrow field of creation. It seems that you are very focused in what you do – can I call them mutated vases? Why did you choose that? Have you ever tried other areas to explore? What fascinate you so much by this theme?

Rebecca: I was drawn to pleated bowl and vase forms very quickly when I started designing origami in 2011, and I started adding geometric distortions to the forms within my first year of designing. I was drawn to this style because of the interplay between simplicity and complexity, and between creativity and logical engineering.

The basic design principles, even for the distorted vases, are much simpler than they may appear, and I can usually imagine how the crease pattern will fit together as soon as I come up with an idea for a new design. Getting the math right and actually folding the models is far more challenging. For many of the geometric distortions, an error of a millimeter can be enough to be noticeable on the final model.


Diagonal shift variant vase


Four-part intersections vase

It seems that all you need to make it work is a PC and the right software, such as those Jun Mitani has created. But we know better; one must choose wisely one’s final destination before one chooses the right parameters. Can you shed some light on your work process? What happens in your head before you turn on the computer, if you do use the computer as I think? Do you doodle with the paper first?

Rebecca: I generally go back and forth between phases of doing new engineering and phases of creating new models using the new units I’ve engineered. When I’m engineering new things, I’ll tend to do a lot of test-folding to figure out what type of folding approach will work, and go back and forth between the folding and the math until I have something I can use in more complex models. I’m especially interested in figuring out conceptually simple ways of folding complex-looking shapes, even if the folding itself is quite challenging.

When I’m designing more complex models, I’m using units I’ve already engineered, so I know what the crease pattern will look like as I’m sketching. I do most of my design work on paper and only use a computer for a few things where the math is more complicated than I want to do by hand, like generating sine waves. For that I write my own scripts, using mostly Excel and Mathematica. Yet, I score the paper manually.

Since most of my designs are based on a cylinder, it’s fairly straightforward for me to stack different units of folds in different combinations, and a lot of my designs are based on exploring new combinations of those units. Once I start running low on interesting new combinations to try, it’s time to start engineering new things.

What papers do you usually use? Why? Do you prepare them yourself? How do you decide what paper to choose? Your work stands out not only for the folds, but also for the paint you use. Unlike with tessellations, when another pattern made by colors just confuses the eyes, your touch of color and paint just increases the beauty of the result. Can you say a few words about that? What colors do you use? Did you study art?

Rebecca: I almost exclusively use Elephant Hide paper, since it’s heavy enough to hold its own weight but still fairly thin, tough enough to hold up to complicated folding, and wet-folds well. I’ve experimented a bit with other papers, but most only work for the simpler end of the models I like designing.

I paint the paper using watered-down acrylics. Currently I use Jo Sonja brand paints, but most brands that are at least at the high end of student grade should work. The painting is the first step once I have the model designed, and I measure out a lot of reference points and use masking tape to get clean edges. Once the paper is painted, I flip it over, measure reference points on the back, score the creases, pre-crease, collapse, and wet-fold. Since most of the painted designs can take 10 or more hours to fold, most of my designs only ever get folded once.

The colors work well in my designs because the designs have a simplicity about them, and the lines in the painted designs echo the folded edges. Sometimes the painted pattern visually reconnects the pieces I divided in the folded fold, and sometimes it repeats shapes similar to the geometric distortions. I studied art along with chemistry in college, and I’m very interested in approaching origami as an art form even if my tools and techniques are different from what other origamists use.


Doubly bent vase

Do you have a motto in your life? Is origami part of that motto? Is there a message in your art?

Rebecca: The main message in my work is the interplay of beauty and logic. As both a scientist and an artist, I appreciate the beauty of a sunset or a tree or many other things in my daily life but also think about the complex science and engineering that makes these things possible. I hope the people who see my origami will both notice its artistic qualities and think about the engineering of how it’s folded, giving them a glimpse of how I see the world.


Split vase

I am sure there is one model of yours that you would like to point out for us. Which one is it, and please tell us why you chose it?

Rebecca: I chose my Uphill-downhill diagonal shift vase. When I first started trying to design the diagonal shifts in 2013, I originally wanted the shifts to go downhill, but uphill worked much more easily. It took me until 2016 to figure out the engineering to make the downhill shifts work, and this was one of my first models to use that.

Is there one last question I should have asked? Ask yourself, but don’t answer. Just let us know what is the question …

Rebecca:What new shapes are you working on designing next?


[Left] Uphill-downhill diagonal shift vase. [Right] Curved-neck vase.

Name Rebecca Lynn Gieseking
Place of residence Evanston, IL (USA)
Profession Postdoc in chemistry
Email rebecca.gieseking [at] gmail.com
Website http://rebecca.gieseking.us


Ornament

Diagrams!

To really know a designer, you must fold her models. Here are the CP and instructions for the Ornament.

Ilan Garibi

COG Spotlight: Plateau Origami People (P.O.P.) and Origami Knoxville (OK)

Origami 2017/04/02

In a small town of about 12,000 residents sixty miles west of Knoxville, TN, beats the heart of the “origami scene” in Tennessee. Read what the founder of the group, Marge Hofknecht has to say:

Plateau Origami People have been folding actively since about 2005. We’re all a little shadowy on the exact establishment date, but I remember meeting Patricia Westerfield during an art exhibition here in Crossville, TN. I was demonstrating origami, and she sat down at my table and folded several models with me. Later, I met with her at her home, and together we planned our paper folding group. I am a founding member of the Greater Philadelphia Paper Folders (GP^3) and was actively involved with the group when I lived there. I based much of the planning around the format of that group. We put short articles in our local paper about our group and posted flyers in the Art Circle Public Library. And soon, the group came together. Most of our members were new to origami and eager to learn. We first met at Patricia’s home where we came up with the name. After awhile we wanted to be more visible. so we began to meet at a senior center, then moved to the library, an art center, an art gallery, and now we’re back at the library.

Basically we are a hobby group, but we also participate in community activities at the library and in connection with the art community and their functions. Last summer we had a booth at the Asian Festival held in Knoxville. That was fun and we met so many people who stopped by our tables to fold some models.


Asian Festival in Knoxville. Photo courtesy of Cyd Riede.

We also participate in Crossville’s Parade of Christmas Trees that’s hosted by a local bank. Working on the ornaments affords us opportunities to learn new models and try different papers. Occasionally, members (like me!) sometimes go solo or with another folder for demonstrations at schools, other libraries, and so on.


P.O.P. Entry in Crossville’s Parade of Christmas Trees. Photo courtesy of Cyd Riede.

Periodically, we meet with a group of folders in Nashville. Malachi Brown is the organizer of that group. He is one interesting, dedicated, and patient teacher.

For the last two years, we have presented what is called The Origami Tsunami at the library. Our third one is coming up on June 9th.


Origami Tsunami. Photos courtesy of Cyd Riede.

Our organizer is Alex Matthews, a young origami author and someone I’m very proud to know. He came to origami when I was teaching it at his home school co-op. Just a few months ago he published his first origami book, A Fold Above the Rest Origami. He will have a book-signing day soon at the library where he will teach a model or two from his book.

Alex has this to say about his experiences at P.O.P.:

I have enjoyed attending the P.O.P. meetings for the last nine years, because I am inspired by the other attendees to design higher quality models, and I enjoy stimulating their origami abilities to new heights. I can proudly say there is no other place to be from 1-3 pm on Folding Fridays. Plateau Origami People are special to me, because without their help the largest completely free origami festival in the U.S. would never exist. Origami Tsunami is a local origami festival held annually in Crossville, TN, allowing folders of all abilities to take part in one of ten simultaneous classes, watch and listen to videos on origami given by top origami artists and professors from around the globe. So, if you are in the area on June 9, come to the best folding fun in the South, down in middle Tennessee.”

— Alex Matthews

What’s ahead for P.O.P? Besides the aforementioned Tsunami and making ornaments for the Christmas tree, we are hoping to participate once again in the Knoxville Asian Festival. Each of our members continues to explore origami and to share with each other what we learn. Throughout, we have fun! We meet once a week on Friday afternoons, 1 – 3 pm, at the Art Circle Public Library.

Marge Hofknecht

Further to the east in Tennessee, Origami Knoxville (OK) is a sputtering start-up group looking toward its fourth second-Saturday meeting next week. After two previously failed attempts to organize a folding group for Knoxville, this time we are focusing on more extensive publicity: a front-page newspaper article in the neighborhood Farragut Shopper-News, listing the group in the community events section of the public radio station, posting flyers, holding one-day workshops at the local KnoxMakers facility, and distributing email notices to anyone who has shown an interest in origami. Hopefully, we can locate some of those “lone folders” and establish a vibrant group of origami enthusiasts in Knoxville. In the meantime, I will continue to drive the sixty miles most Fridays to fold with the wonderful members of P.O.P.

-Susan Wettling

Diagrams: Cat

Origami 2017/03/20

Who am I?

I am well known on the internet under the nickname of MadFolder. The story of the Mad Folder is told in two parts.

The first part began in 1997 with my fascination for this art, through my first, fairly classic creations in 2002, and expositions from 2003 until 2013. I spent almost 18 years folding every day, deepening all styles and techniques and thus refining my artistic qualities.

This passionate immoderation opened the door to the second part. Indeed, it was in 2014 that I became a Professional Origami Artist: my spirit freed itself from conventions and influences. From then on my creations became my image, a part of my personality, which knows imperfection, because the search for perfection leaves no room for the imagination in creation. My soul as an artist learned to suffer from this contradiction, because the success of an act is not linked to its perfection.

The design of this cat comes from my classic period of intermediate level creations. I offer two images: the original model and an improved version, both derived from the same diagrams. I obtained the latter through more modeling, and I invite you to do the same.


Click on pictures for diagrams.

Qui suis-je ? L’histoire du Plieur Fou se raconte en deux parties.

La première, de la fascination pour cet art en 1997, en passant par les premières créations en 2002, assez classique, les expositions dès 2003 et ainsi jusqu’en 2013. Quasiment dix-huit années à plier tous les jours, approfondissant tous les styles et techniques et ainsi affiner mes qualités artistiques.

Cette démesure passionnelle ouvre la porte de la seconde partie. En effet c’est en 2014 que je vais devenir Artiste Professionnel Origami: Mon esprit se libère des conventions et influences. Dès lors mes créations deviennent à mon image, une part de ma personnalité qui se sait imparfaite car la recherche de la perfection ne laisse pas de place à l’imagination dans la création.Mon âme d’artiste à apprit à souffrir de cette contradiction car la réussite d’un acte n’est pas liée à sa perfection.

Eric (MadFolder) Vigier”

Exhibit: Tsunagu Gallery Meets Tomoko Fuse

Origami 2017/03/19

The Year of the Rooster certainly began auspiciously! In addition to visiting Chimei Museum’s Origami Universe exhibition, I had the good luck to be in Tokyo during Tomoko Fuse’s exhibition at the Tsunagu Gallery, on display from 6 February 2017 through 31 March 2017.

For those people who can read Japanese, here are two posters describing the exhibition and providing background information about Tomoko Fuse and her art:

Given the short period of time the exhibition was available, here is a slide show of the beautiful artwork on display. Press the left and right buttons to flip through the images.

Patsy Wang-Iverson

Exhibition: Chimei Museum’s Origami Universe

Origami 2017/03/18

Serendipity strikes again! I had the good fortune to visit Chimei Museum’s Origami Universe exhibition just after the release of its accompanying catalog at the start of the Lunar New Year. Weighing in at one kilogram and formatted exquisitely with beautiful photographs, the catalog is outstanding, and priced at < US$20.00! All artists are represented, with a brief biography and up to four pages each, although not all artists’ works are included. Having photos of all the works of art in the catalog would have provided a complete vicarious experience for those not able to visit the exhibition, but it would have doubled the size of the catalog. Fortunately, I had taken photos of some pieces not included, while the catalog offered photos of works I had not photographed. The ultimate experience is to visit the exhibition and take home a catalog to continue to savor the exhilarating experience quite unlike any other exhibition.

Reading others’ exuberant reviews of the exhibition made me want to go see it for myself. Two factors sealed the deal for me: (1) Robert Lang’s post in an email dated 11/16/16: “I think the Chi Mei exhibition would probably take the cake; it is pretty darned impressive.”, and (2) it turned out to be cheaper to stop in Taiwan en route to Tokyo than to fly round-trip to Tokyo. So—for those of you planning to visit the Far East, check out the prices for a multi-city itinerary before May 30, 2017, when the exhibition closes after seven months.

What made Origami Universe so special for me? I have visited a number of origami exhibitions over the years, and what immediately struck me was how this exhibition heralded the continuing growth of the artists with whom I am familiar—both in their creativity and mastery. It also supported my own growth in introducing me to a number of artists with whose work I was not acquainted.

What else makes this exhibition unique? It is the largest exhibition I have visited—featuring works of 63 artists from 21 countries—and Chimei Museum devoted ample space, accompanied by good lighting, to all the contributions. When one purchases entry, one is handed a rectangular ticket. At the entrance to the exhibition, a small rectangle is removed, leaving a square that one can fold. Each visitor also is presented with a long rectangle containing a summary of the exhibition and with pre-creases that encourage the visitor to fold it into a small booklet.

The exhibition is organized in different rooms by category: representational, geometric, and applications. The representational category is further divided into three parts: human figures in Folding Ourselves, plants and animals in Natural World, and imaginary beasts in Fantasy. For Natural World, let me quote the curators extraordinaire, Bernie Peyton and Uyen Nguyen: “Animals have been a favorite subject of origami designers for hundreds of years. However, it is ironic that the greatest expansion of animal origami is at a time when many animal populations and their habitats are threatened with extinction.”

Some of the models in the Fantasy section were displayed whimsically in cylinders built into the walls.


Little Demon by João Charrua

The geometric category includes tessellations, corrugations, modulars, curved folds, and curved surfaces generated by pleating that leave one breathless.

For the category of Applications, the contributions range from jewelry, decorative vessels, furniture, and fashion at one end to the use of origami in cutting-edge research. Included in the exhibition is the Foldscope, an Origami based print-and-fold paper-microscope. Unlike the rest of the exhibition, where one is asked not to touch, Foldscopes are available for visitors to explore and visualize the possibilities with this low-cost tool.

Here is the list of artist/researcher contributors in the Applied category:


Photograph courtesy of Larry Howell, Brigham Young University.

Included in the exhibition are videos distributed across the rooms that delve deeper into the art and the research inspired by origami.

At the end of the exhibition, one exits into a large, high-ceiling room containing different stations that encourage visitors to fold their own models. One can choose from among a range of options: folding from books (including Tom Hull’s Project Origami), folding from instructions on iPads, folding from step-by-step instructions on large boards affixed on the walls. Upon completion of their models, visitors can either keep them or contribute them to cylinders embedded in the wall on one side of the room. One then exits through an isosceles triangular opening.


Chimei Museum Folding Room

Following is a slideshow of some of the art to whet your appetite either to make a trip to Taiwan or to purchase the catalog:

This article is dedicated to my cousin, Wilma Wang, who planned every step of a most memorable visit to Taiwan.

Patsy Wang-Iverson

Diagrams: Uccello Giallo (Yellow Bird)

Origami 2017/03/11

I love to fold origami, and I have an interest in children and creativity. These two aspects were the focus of an origami workshop for children aged 5-10, held during spring of 2016. For this occasion, my colleague Stella De Muro and I decided to present only origami models that were designed by children, such as a beautiful photo frame or an ingenious tank. The last activity of the workshop that day was to create new origami models. Yuri had designed another photo frame. I suggested that he add a few folds to his photo frame that resulted in a chick. Later, I drew the chick’s eyes. Finally, Francesca suggested our chick was very similar to a famous mobile game character and that was its final name.               

-Luca Congia


Click on picture for diagrams.

About Luca and Yuri:

Luca Congia was born in Sardinia, Italy. Currently, Luca works in the educational services of the southern Sardinia with children and adolescence. In 2016 he presented his educational origami-brick “Mattoncino-Prisma” to improve visuospatial ability, executive functions, planning skills and creativity in children. His other interests are drawing, music and creative activities for children.

Yuri Murgia is a very creative boy who loves Harry Potter, breakdance, craft activities and, of course, origami. This origami model is his second creation.

Origami Convention Organizing – a Case Study

Origami 2017/03/08

Organizing a Convention – first steps


Convention invitation
Design by Elina Gur

Origamisrael has hosted our fourth convention. This time we had 64 guests (not including family members, which adds 30 more people).

Our first convention only had 28 folders and was more like a family event. Actually, when my family celebrate the new year at my house, I host more guests! This increase is part of our late efforts to open up to more folders, as you can see in the change of name – We were called OASIS, a name that has no real origami sense, unlike our new name; Origamisrael.

How do you get ready for such an event? I will try to plot a path to follow, first answering the most basic questions, such as where and when, what to teach and whom to invite, and then go into the more refined points.

In a way, you can regard this article as an incomplete guide for new organizations that are planning to host a convention. Yet, I believe some points may even be helpful for experienced organizers, or at least initiate a discussion about those topics.

When

Weekdays or weekend – that is hardly a question. Most people are available only on the weekends. I have never heard of, nor attended, a convention on weekdays.

Weekends or holidays? Many countries have holidays on the weekends, so finding such a combination can provide a longer convention. On the other hand, hotel prices are higher during holidays. Moreover, holidays are more for family gatherings, and you may lose some folders for that reason.

Time of year – most of the good weeks during the year already are booked with other conventions. You wouldn’t like to plan your convention at the same time as OrigamiUSA, unless you do not care for overseas participants. June is for the OrigamiUSA convention, August for Tanteidan, late November-early December is CDO, May is for the German and the Spanish conventions (who more than once set their timing for the exact same week, causing a great dilemma for many folders). ORIGAMISRAEL is set on March, which is, weather wise, an ideal time to visit Israel, while Europe is still frozen, and here we have clear blue skies, 20-250C, with cool, dry winds.


Clear blue skies in March; ORIGAMISRAEL convention
Image by Garibi Ilan

Do not plan on weeks which are just after big holidays, such as Christmas, since people tend not to take another vacation so soon.

Where

Location and hotel (which are hard to divide) set the mood of the convention. If you feel your guests will dive into the main hall and never pop a head out, the location is not important. But if some of your guests prefer to spend some time sightseeing, make sure your location has some tourist attractions. This is more important if you have young folders who come with their families. Never seclude the families in unattractive places. They surely will not attend again.


Nof Ginosar Hotel by the Sea of Galilee; ORIGAMISRAEL convention
Image by Nof Ginosar Hotel

Different hotels provide different solutions for the folding location. This is a question of culture. For the Italians, as well as for us, the Israelis, a big hall is a necessity. You can easily see everything that happens, never missing a workshop, but on the other hand, you can never control the number of participants in a workshop, since everyone can take a chair and join. The noise is part of the game, as well.


Main hall; CDO Convention
Image by Garibi Ilan

In Germany, France, and Japan, every workshop is given in a classroom, and no overbooking is allowed. This provides the atmosphere for a quiet, well supervised, environment to conduct the workshop.


Workshop in a classroom; The Ultimate Origami Convention by OORAA, Lyon
Image by Garibi Ilan

The hotel itself may be of less importance. Most people can ignore the fact the hotel is old, or has only very basic facilities. They are not coming to enjoy a five-star hotel; they come to learn five ways to fold a star.

What to teach

In a way, what to teach is like asking who is coming.

The level of complexity determines the level of the folder attending. Take the Ultimate Origami Convention by OORAA, which aims to the highest level of folders. Every workshop lasts 90 minutes, and some are three hours long. On the other hand, if your audience is mostly beginners, plan to have short, simple models.

Another question is who can teach all those models. A starting group, with a small number of folders, has a smaller number of teachers.

To try and work it out, we started a new process where people not only are asking to teach a model, but also ask to be taught a certain model. Some of the potential teachers are not sure what to teach, and pairing them with the needs of the folders creates a win-win situation.


Guy Loel`s workshop; ORIGAMISRAEL Convention
Image by Yael Meron

Whom to invite

An origami convention is mostly open to the public. ORIGAMISRAEL may be the only group that makes sure you are not a beginner before allowing you to register. It’s a matter of your aim. Since most of the organizations aim to spread the love for origami to all, everyone is invited. In ORIGAMISRAEL we want to create a place for those who want to move to the next level. The Ultimate Origami Convention is sorting the people by the level of the workshop.

Everyone can attend ORIGAMISRAEL, but since no simple origami workshops are offered, beginners are hard to find there.

Knowing the levels and interests of the folders is the guideline for the invited guests. Although we have experienced folders, many of us like the simple yet clever origami. We try to have a range of complex to low intermediate; modular, tessellations and figurative.

Choosing a guest is not only about the models. Some creators are amazing sculptors but poor teachers. Some speak only their mother tongue. It is important to know how reachable a person is, since a guest is not just presenting workshops each day. For all the time in between classes, is s/he likely to sit in his/her room, or the individual involved with the other activities?


Nicolas Terry leading his Big Paper Folding team; ORIGAMISRAEL convention
Image by Yael Meron

Nationality and distance are another consideration. It may be twice as expensive to bring a guest from another continent.

The question of inviting a local guest is in dispute with some organizations. For some, inviting a local guest can create jealousy, and since this person will come anyway, it could be interpreted as a waste of resources. The drawing power of a guest from far away is (usually) higher, as people would not have the chance to meet him/her in any other way. For ORIGAMISRAEL the major reason to include an Israeli guest every year is because we want to encourage the local artists and to see more folders trying their hands in original creation. We see the creators as the core of our community, and anything that can encourage them is beneficial to our cause.

Next

How to build a program; how to market your convention; the extras – from a shirt to papers; and more.

Ilan Garibi

Diagrams: Great Cyrus Tomb

Origami 2017/03/07


Click on picture for diagrams.

Reza Sarvi, an Iranian from Shiraz, is presenting here another of his historic models; this time it is a recreation of an archaeological site.

His model is inspired by the Tomb of Cyrus. The tomb is in Pasargadae, located near Shiraz. Cyrus was a great king of ancient Persia, known as the author of the first human rights cylinder in the world.

The tomb was made in 529 BC. The dimensions of the model follow the proportion of the real tomb. Once again, the joy of origami has no boundaries, in space or time!

Ilan Garibi

Diagrams: Long Story Short

Origami 2017/03/02

I’m an origami designer from Warsaw, Poland, interested most of all in tessellations and modulars, though I also enjoy and appreciate figurative origami folded by others.

My first serious origami book that I received as a little boy was John Montroll’s Prehistoric Origami: Dinosaurs and Other Creatures (which has recently been repackaged as Dinosaur Origami). I was very excited about dinosaurs at the time, so being able to fold them out of paper was an incredible joy. These models were a bit challenging for someone who had only folded a paper boat and similar models before, but with some work I learned how to read the instructions and soon I knew all the 20+ models by heart. I folded them all the time, including the time at school, and, since there was a period during which I folded several every day, I believe I folded several hundred pieces altogether.

When I went to college, thanks to the Internet, I learned about modular origami. I used only a few simple units, but I tried to create my own ways of connecting them and to modify existing designs in order to build new shapes. The units I used most often were Robert Neale’s Penultimate Unit, Nick Robinson’s Trimodule, Meenakshi Mukerji’s SSIT, and Sonobe units. I also created a few simple units of my own but didn’t really feel like an origami designer.

Then, by fun coincidence which deserves a separate story, after about 20 years of folding, I visited my first convention ever – the Outdoor Origami Meeting in Kraków. Meeting some people I previously only knew from the Internet and seeing the vast diversity of different origami models was a very inspiring experience. Among other things, it allowed me to learn a bit about tessellations. When I came back, I started learning and folding tessellations and soon realized that I was able to create my own variations or even completely new designs. I also created a flickr account, which allowed me to share my origami work faster than my web page and to follow other folders. This renewed interest in origami started a cascade; the more I design and fold, the more new ideas I get. Currently new ideas pop up faster than I am able to transform them into clean folds. I don’t know how long this is going to last, but I enjoy this origami-altered state of mind.

Click on picture for diagrams.

While I mostly create abstract, geometric models, sometimes I get an idea for a model that represents an actual object. I got the idea for folding a book while looking at a sculpture of a saint holding an open book at a church. I thought a book was an interesting subject for a sculpture and also for origami.

This model is folded from a long strip of paper and by varying the proportions, one can make a book with any number of pages. A length-to-width ratio of 1:10 is a good starting point. There are no reference points for making the folds. Just guess, and depending on where you fold, you will get books with different proportions and different numbers of pages. The letters used in the picture to the right and in the diagrams show how your guesses affect final model’s proportions (\(w =\) width, \(h =\) height, \(m =\) margin). There is a color change between the cover and the pages inside. Gift wrapping paper is a good choice for this model, as it is usually white on one side and colored on the other and sold in rolls, allowing for long strips to be cut easily.

Michał Kosmulski

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